Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a common eye disease that damages the macula and affects central vision.
The macula is a small but very important part of the eye, located in the posterior part of the eye and responsible for clear vision. Macular damage makes daily activities such as driving a car, reading, and recognising people’s faces difficult. Age-related macular degeneration typically occurs in people over 50 years of age.
There are two types of AMD:
The leaking fluid lifts the macula in the back of the eye, causing scarring and permanent damage to the photosensitive cells in the retina. This in turn causes the formation of dark or cloudy spots in the central vision.
Unfortunately, it is not possible to completely recover from the wet form of age-related macular degeneration. With early diagnosis, the course of the disease can be decelerated and vision loss stopped.
Symptoms of AMD can occur in one or both eyes and affect central vision. Symptoms do not cause pain and are not visible. Early symptoms of AMD cause distorted or blurred vision. As the disease worsens, central vision deteriorates or is lost. Alongside that, the perception of details is also deteriorated or lost. Peripheral vision isn’t usually affected. For example, when a person with AMD looks at their watch, they see the edges of the watch but not the center, and therefore have a hard time determining the percise time. Similarly, patients with AMD gradually lose the ability to distinguish facial details. For AMD, straight lines appear wavy, colors are dimmer, and subjects are smaller than in reality.
Your doctor will draw up the most suitable treatment plan for you and will individually explain it to you.
Our clinic uses intraocular injections to treat the wet form of AMD. Most patients with wet AMD need intraocular injections a few times a year. Most patients experience only slight discomfort during the procedure, as anesthetic drops are instilled into the eye before the procedure. Intraocular injections help to maintain visual acuity in nine out of ten patients and even improve visual acuity in three out of ten patients.
Laser treatment is also used in some cases to treat wet AMD.
Unfortunately, there is currently no known cure for the dry form of AMD. However, there are visual aids such as magnifying glasses, special lighting, and computer software to help you cope better in everyday life. Patients with AMD can use special computer technology to monitor their vision on a daily basis. Programs such as Alleye allow tests to track and detect a decrease in visual acuity at an early stage.